Solutions to lesson 1
Roots and Words
What about when things do something?
Our second simplest sentences consisted of a subject doing something, or having
something happen to it. But when a subject does something, it often does it to
something else. This something else -- the object of the subject's action -- is,
of course, called the object.
In English, we show the subject by putting it before the verb and the object by
putting it after the verb. In Esperanto we show the object by attaching an -N to
its ending. Since the object is a thing, the basic ending is, of course, -O; so
the whole ending is -ON. Examples:
La viro vidas fulmon. = The man sees lightning.
La knabo auxdas tondron. = The boy hears thunder.
La patro sentas la venton. = The man feels the wind.
How would you say:
The cousin hears noise.
The uncle sees snow.
The grandfather feels rain.